By Frederico Carvalho
This document was adopted by the WFSW 85th Executive Council
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Looking back at the recent past, one could argue that the emergence of a collective consciousness about the social responsibility that comes with scientific knowledge is largely rooted in the prospects of the military use of “atomic fire” ― let us call it that ― which quickly became a reality with the mass murder of the civilian population of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The bombing of the two cities could hardly be justified in military terms but it was of the utmost interest to its mentors as a real-life, “on the ground” test of the workability, destructive power and collateral effects of nuclear explosives…..